Pictures, images and photos of the archaeological site of Perge ( Perga ), Turkey. Perge dates back to the Bronze Age and during the Greek Hellenistic period was one of the richest and most beautiful cities of the ancient world. In the 1400's B.C the Ancient World civilisations of the Mediterranean apart from Egypt suddenly collapsed. Egyptian hieroglyphics talk of a sea people who destroyed all the ancient cities along the coast and as far inland as Hattusa the Hittite capital. By 1000 B.C the Hellenistic period of rebuilding was beginning and Perge, 20 km from the sea was seen to be in a defensive position that would keep it safe from sea people attacks and the nearby Aksu River was used to move goods to the sea. It became an important trading and cultural city and was the home of the great mathematician Apollonius.
Apart from the remains of two Hellenistic towers the archaeological site of Perga today is from the Roman period from 146 B.C. The city is an exemplary example of Hellenistic & Roman gridiron planning with defensive walls. By the the 3rd cent. BC when Alexander re-conquered Anatolia from the Persians, grid plans were the norm for Hellenistic cities. The Romans adopted the idea from the Greek settlements of southern Italy and carried on the design in Perga. From the Acropolis the Nymphaeum fountain fed running water into a canal which ran down the middle of a 300 mt. long colonnaded street that ran from the Acropolis to the Agora. The southern baths and gymnasium is a fine Roman brick building complex. In 46 A.D., according to the Acts of the Apostles, St. Paul and St. Barnabas journeyed to Perga, from there continued on to Antiocheia in Pisidia, then returned to Perga where he delivered a sermon.